• Polski
  • German
  • English

Underground Railway

The underground railway located in the mine is the first attraction of this type in Poland, and fourth in Europie.In the past it used to serve the miners as their mean of transport of miners. Today tourist can seize the opportunity to have a ride.

About the museum.

But before we get to the start of the round tour of the Museum. You can also see here different models of mining casings. For touring there is also an original control room opened, constituting once the centre of mine managing.

In the overground mining complex there are also, stoves and shaft towers unique on a world scale. It is one of few industrial-mining objects kept in such an excellent 19th century state. 

Today we can also alone see places, in which Nowa Ruda miners wrested from the earth one of its most precious treasures. They also offer to tourists 1.5 h - trip to the underground excavations. Equipped with miner helmets and battery mining lamps we can enter the underground mining excavations for lengths of over 700 m.

In the Underground Tourist Route of the Coal Mine located on the area of the former mining field of Piast in the Nowa Ruda mine, our guides will show you ways of securing pavements and explain all the once applied methods of the miner work.

Furthermore, you can also see ancient mining machines and wagons of the underground railway, once used to transport people and coal. Today the railway serves our tourist as a mean of a transport for… pleasure.

Through a complicated maze of pavements we will reach the mineshaft, with which years ago miners were brought in to work on consecutive, deeper levels of the mine. Today this mineshaft entirely is filled in, but the scenery of the entry to the lift looks very realistically. In the mine you’ll be granted the opportunity to touch, move or raise everything in order to check, how hard the mining effort was.

Let’s not forget, though, that we use corridors opened for tourists, however miners had to perform their work underground in places about the height not exceeding 1 m sometimes, in conditions of high humidity and temperature. 

Fossilized trunks of trees from before over 250 m years are a special attraction here. You can see them not only exhibited before the entry to the drift, but also in the natural position in two places on the walls of the underground pavements. Today it is possible to admire here among others fossilized araucaria constituting the sensation on a world scale.

An interesting thing about this place is our ghost - a great attraction of the mine – he’s a treasurer, guarding mysteries of the mine. He lives until today in the drift and haunts the arrived tourists. 

Touring the mine it is worthwhile reading a few basic dates applied in the mining. They will be useful in understanding the structure of the mine, the way of extraction, what is more - it will help you realize what the work of the miner consists in.

A drift is a horizontal or lightly bent corridor created in a fold belt leading from the slope of the mountain deep into the deposit.

A coalface constitutes the head of the pavement, a place of which the mining is extracted.

Three basic concepts: thill as floor, ceiling - roof and sides as walls.

You can reach the mine with mineshaft or across drifts.

Having passed the entry to the mine we will be in a drift. It is pavement, about 250 metres long, through which miners reached the shift Piast II, the main mineshaft of this mine. The chamber with two symbolic wagons is demonstrating transporting get material looked.

The smaller wagon comes from the field of Piast, that is from this mine in which the Museum is located, however the bigger one was originally on the field of Słupiec (7 kilometres farther) - so it comes from the last active mine on Lower Silesia.

In high pavements, armed with metal casings, they did not extract coal. They were built up only them to get to the decks, whereas later they were used as transport pavements.

Going along the pavement we will reach its end, i.e. the a coalface. In order to get deep into the coalface, shooting holes had been drilled, explosive charges were put on and rock material was shot off. Mining shot off was loaded on the loading push – overhead loader. The loading machine reproached the picked up stones behind itself, into the first wagon. Next, the wagon was moved away by hand to the crossing pavements, and behind the battery charger there was another empty wagon adjusted. The transport wagons (for rocks, coal) are called by miners carts, however wagons used mainly for transport of wood are professionally called timber carriers. However their structure allowed for transporting practically everything, apart from loose materials.

Farther you can examine mechanized casings, i.e. stands linked up and down, working on hydraulic fluids pressed from the unit. They used this casing on the wall, that is in the place where coal was extracted. Quite interesting was a self-striding casing in which stands, after fulfilling appropriate conditions, collapsed and passed little meter steps ahead, also resetting ahead the scraper conveyor with the coal cutter or cross-cutter working on it.

The wall of the old thill is also worth watching, it had the best possible conditions for the extraction - was short (c 50 m, which is an exception, because mainly a minimal length of walls was 100 m) and very high (pupils of the mining school enlarged it during practice undergone in the mine).

An average thickness of coal seams amounted fot 1.3 m The deck fell in under the angle of 16-23 degrees. On this wall you can admire the next fossilized araucaria. In case of collapsing entries to the drift there were evacuation roads created – leading to the ladder range of the 40-m mineshaft of Piast II, with which it was possible to get out to the surface.

It is also nice to know two names still applied by miners. "Ul" (“hive”) was a mining toilet, and an ambulance is a wagon used for transport of wounded miners. Both indispensable devices are still standing in the mine, similarly to goods wagons of different kind, platforms for the transport of whirls or ventilation lutes.

Division chambers are also located in the mine. These are rooms in which meetings of crews with a supervisor were held to sort office works, as well as different workshops and the like out.

Other chambers were intended to storing tools: shovels, lifting devices, drills and instruments and saws to compressed air.

As far as bigger devices working on walls are concerned, there are a coal cutter and cross-cutters. The mine was also equipped with safety dams - bricked entries into the mineshaft of Piast I and closed corridors. They had corks for measurement of poisoning gasses concentrations. Dams separated the unused pavements from the exploited ones and in this way protected against proliferation of fires which were quite a frequent phenomenon in mines.

Mineshaft of Piast II – the main mine shaft, was plunged to the level VII, that is 700 m is below the ground. It had two 4-floor convention cages. The lift transported people with speed 8 m/sec., the mining however with the speed of 16 m/sec. 

Being in the southern part of Góry Sowie (“Owl Mountains”) or in the Kłodzko Valley, it is impossible to omit this object on tourist paths - so exceptional and kept with great reverence. Particularly that the underground railway, is the first attraction of this type in Poland, and fourth in Europe.

It was once used for transport of miners, today tourists can use it finishing touring the Underground Tourist Route. The train consists of a locomotive and three wagons, in which simultaneously 36 persons can be transported.

When you already know what the work of Nowa Ruda miners looks like, you should also take advantage of additional attractions waiting here for you, so like e.g. horse riding. The presence of horses reminds us about the fact that these animals were of a great help at the work in a mine.

Moreover, trips to Nowa Ruda to seeks treasures or coin in the historic mint can also add some variety to your adventure.

Tourists can also take a ride in britzska from the 19th century. Moreover, sleigh rides and fetes for companies abd schools are organised here. In the evening you can rest after numerous attractions by the bonfire or grill baking sausages or in the nearby hazel brown inn.

Like uss!

Media

Photo